The National Assembly unanimously approved the Special Organic Law of the Amazon Special Territorial Circumscription. This means an admission of the damages suffered by the poorest area of Ecuador, but it is not intended to stop pollution, deforestation and exploitation of its wealth. * News in development …
The 123 votes that passed the Law contemplated issues of economy, education, culture, environment, planning, among others, to pass a proposal that does not satisfy the Amazonian women who have been marching since March 12, 2018.
SUMMARY OF THE LAW
The Ecodevelopment Fund for the Amazon will receive USD 1 to 2 per barrel of oil ( 200 million to 400 million for the region), which will be invested in basic services. A common fund will be created, fueled by royalties from mining, hydroelectric and oil sector, which will promote culture and education.
Education: 4 universities will be created (Morona Santiago, Zamora, Orellana and Sucumbíos) and scholarships will be awarded.
This new Law is not intended to stop the invasion of foreign entities for the exploitation of resources, “suggests” a harder hand for those who pollute. It demands greater compensation for those affected who suffer catastrophic diseases due to environmental pollution: in return they will be exempted from paying taxes and fees for public services, forgiving debts among other “benefits”.
IT’S NOT ENOUGH
The women of the Amazon seek more than compensation. They “ask for the cancellation of new tenders for oil rounds, for those that are concessioned to be withdrawn, for the leaders not to be persecuted, amnesty is required for the partners, among other points.”
Their protest against extraction in the jungle has resulted in a “mandate” that they will present on Thursday to President Moreno in which they ask that their territories be protected from mining and oil exploitation and from alleged “threats and attacks on the leaders of the zone”.
They are against the new oil bidding process in the central-southern zone of the Ecuadorian Amazon as it threatens Shiwiar, Kichwa, Shuar, Achuar, Sápara, Waorani and Andoas populations; Likewise, the concession of mining areas in the areas of Nankints or Tundayme in the south of the Amazon has resulted in evictions of inhabitants to proceed with the exploitation.
They argue that the prior free consent (FPIC) that defends the right of the indigenous population to a participation and consultation before the beginning of the development of projects on ancestral land or that make use of land resources has not been fulfilled. .
* News in development …
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